Putin ordered the withdrawal of major Russian mili

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Xinhua news agency, Moscow, March 14 (Zhang Jiye) - Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the withdrawal of Russian main military forces from Syria from March 15

according to the Kremlin station, Putin said when meeting with Russian Defense Minister Shoigu and Foreign Minister Lavrov on the same day: "I think the tasks of the Russian Defense Ministry and Russian military forces have been completed as a whole. Therefore, he ordered the withdrawal of Russian major military forces from Syria from tomorrow." "I hope today's decision is a good signal for all parties in Syria, which can improve the level of trust of participants in the Syrian political process and contribute to the peaceful settlement of the Syrian issue."

sauigu said that since the end of September 2015, Russia has carried out air strikes against the targets of the extremist organization "Islamic state" in Syria at the request of the Syrian government, the Russian army has so far completed more than 9000 air strikes, eliminated more than 2000 terrorists, and destroyed 209 oil production facilities and a large number of oil transportation equipment. Russian air strikes have successfully blocked the material support of terrorists in Syria and cut off the main route for terrorist organizations to supply weapons, ammunition and armed personnel

according to the Kremlin station, at the initiative of the Russian side, Putin communicated with Syrian President Bashar al Assad on the same day. Both sides believe that the realization of the current ceasefire has led to a sharp reduction in the bloodshed in Syria, improved the humanitarian situation and created conditions for the Geneva peace talks. Russian military forces in Syria have changed the situation in the fight against terrorism, disrupted the facilities of terrorist organizations, and made terrorist organizations bear real losses. Putin said that at present, the basic tasks of Russian military forces have been completed. The two sides agreed to withdraw the main force of the Russian Aerospace force from Syria. In order to monitor the compliance with the ceasefire agreement, Russia has retained military strongholds in Syria to support air flights

Bashar expressed his deep gratitude to Russia for its large-scale assistance to Syria in carrying out anti-terrorism operations and providing humanitarian assistance. At the same time, Bashar stressed his willingness to carry out the political process as soon as possible and hoped that the Geneva peace talks on Syria would bring concrete results

According to the observer on March 10, five years ago, in March 2011, the "Arab Spring" spread to Syria, and anti-government organizations launched an uprising. From then on, Syria was full of wolves. Religious, political and international forces have pushed the flames of war to a climax again and again, and there are sorrows and displacements everywhere. To this end, five years later, the British Guardian launched six groups of pictures on March 9 to restore the battlefield thousands of miles away for readers. The observer compiles as follows:

number of deaths

the true number of deaths is unknown, but it is estimated that it is between 250000 and 470000. Every day, according to the statistics of the volunteer organization, thousands of people and soldiers from both factions are killed. A report from the Syrian Policy Research Center for encouraging differentiated development shows that since the outbreak of the war, the average life expectancy of the Syrian population has plummeted from 70 years in 2010 to 55.4 years in 2015. At the same time, about 11.5% of the people are either injured or dead

number of refugees

before the war, Syria had about 22million people. At present, about half of the population was forced to leave their homes. At present, there are about 6million people living in Syria, and more than 4million people are scattered in surrounding countries. Turkey is the second hometown of 2.5 million Syrians, which is larger than the population of Aleppo, the largest city in Syria before the war. In Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq, millions of Syrians live in tents. Hundreds of Syrians have embarked on a dangerous journey to Europe, the largest transcontinental migration since World War II

the Syrian conflict is both a civil war and a proxy war. Syria is divided into two factions, one is the judgment standard for the use of fixtures by secular political supporters, the other is the supporters of religious forces, and both sides are supported by hostile forces. In addition, the battlefield has also been opened up to the field of terrorism, including the US led struggle against the "Islamic state", the Kurdish armed forces seizing the land of the "Islamic state" and the rebel groups fleeing Russian artillery fire

who is supporting the Assad regime

the government includes the Syrian army and the militia formed by the Alawite faction in the Assad regime. Iran and Hizbullah, a Shi'ite militia supported by Iran, were its initial supporters: Hizbullah attacked the opponents in Syria, and the commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard led the Shi'ite militia from Iran and Afghanistan to fight the opponents. The addition of the Russian Air Force in 2015 dramatically reversed the war in favor of the government

who is on the side of the opposition

the main opposition organizations include the free Syrian army, the conservative Islamist ahrah al sham, and the nusra front supported by Al Qaeda. Saudi Arabia, Iran's rival, provided weapons and training to the opposition, as did Turkey and the cartels

another battlefield: "Islamic state" and Kurdish organization

after the U.S. Air Force supported Kurdish armed groups, the anti "Islamic state" made some progress. France, Britain and other U.S. allies contributed to the anti Islamic state movement led by the United States. After being attacked by the "Islamic state", Turkey bombed it. The emergence of a new force of anti Kurdish organizations adds another complication to the battlefield: the Islamic state and Kurdish armed forces are fighting fiercely in northern Syria, while Turkey is shelling the land occupied by Kurdish organizations

what is the current situation

last year, when the "army of Conquest" (covering an area of 110 mu) organization allied with the nusra front and conservative Islamic factions, the opposition controlled most of northeast Syria and even reached 700 ~ 1200nm. With Russia's intervention, the Assad regime has received the support it needs most. In March this year, pro Assad organizations almost surrounded the opposition in Aleppo, hundreds of refugees were driven to the Turkish border, and the call for a ceasefire sounded. The attack on the nusra front and the "Islamic state" continues, and they control the deserts in the north and east of Syria. Kurdish organizations have benefited a lot from the terrorist attacks of the United States and Russia, seizing large areas of land from the "Islamic state" and even attacking areas occupied by the opposition around Aleppo

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