Pursue the sustainable development of power indust

2022-09-23
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Seeking the sustainable development of the power industry

"in 2007, the GDP reached 24.66 trillion yuan, an increase of 65.5% over 2002, with an average annual growth of 10.6%, rising from the sixth to the fourth in the world; the national fiscal revenue reached 5.13 trillion yuan, an increase of 1.71 times; foreign exchange reserves exceeded $1.52 trillion, BASF global vice president Lou Jianfeng."

On the morning of March 5, the first session of the Eleventh National People's Congress was ceremoniously opened in Beijing, and Premier Wen Jiabao of the State Council delivered a government work report. Many figures in the report are exciting, indicating the steady improvement of China's comprehensive strength

figures closely related to the power industry have appeared in the report for many times, undoubtedly causing widespread concern in the society. However, when we are excited by the gratifying achievements of digital expression, we should also have a broader and broader vision in order to achieve the sustainable development of the power industry

350million kW of new power installed capacity in five years

"350million kW of new power installed capacity in five years, the sum of 53 years from 1950 to 2002". Since the reform of the power system at the end of 2002, the development speed of China's power industry is obvious to all. Some large power enterprises have completed the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" three years in advance! At the same time, the development speed of electricity is also unprecedented. In 2007 alone, the length of transmission lines of 220 kV and above increased by 41500 kilometers, and the capacity of public substation equipment of 220 kV and above increased by 1144.45 million KVA, with a year-on-year increase of 14.2% and 18.7% respectively

however, the rapid development of electricity has also caused some people to worry about excess electricity. Under such a high-speed situation, how to implement the scientific concept of development has become an important issue, including how to appropriately advance power. The report puts forward that "we should take development as the first priority, focus on changing the mode of economic development, adjust the economic structure, and improve the quality and efficiency of economic growth"

"Turn the focus of work to adjusting the structure, promoting coordinated development, improving quality and efficiency, and realize the transformation of benefit growth from mainly relying on incremental asset expansion to relying on optimizing incremental and improving stock coordination, from mainly relying on simple operation power generation industry to relying on 'one body, two wings' industry coordination, and from mainly relying on increasing resource consumption to mainly relying on scientific and technological progress, staff quality improvement and management Innovation transformation. " The "three transformations" put forward by Zhou Dabing, member of the CPPCC National Committee and general manager of China Guodian Corporation, are not without reference for the power industry to implement the scientific concept of development

last year, the energy consumption per unit of GDP decreased by 3.27% year-on-year.

"in 2007, the energy consumption per unit of GDP decreased by 3.27% year-on-year. For the first time, the total chemical oxygen demand and sulfur dioxide emissions decreased by 3.14% and 4.66% year-on-year respectively." These simple figures show that China has made preliminary achievements in energy conservation and emission reduction

China attaches great importance to resource conservation and environmental protection. The 11th five year plan proposes that the energy consumption per unit of GDP will be reduced by 20% compared with the end of the 10th five year plan, and the emission of major pollutants will be reduced by 10% compared with the end of the 10th five year plan. In the past two years, China has put forward and implemented a comprehensive work plan for energy conservation and emission reduction, established an energy conservation and emission reduction index system, a monitoring system, an assessment system and a target system, and promulgated a national plan to deal with climate change

in the battle of energy conservation and emission reduction, the relative humidity of the power industry is no more than 80%, which has always been at the forefront. Breakthroughs have been made in the desulfurization project of coal-fired power plants. In 2007, a total of 14.38 million kw of small thermal power units were shut down nationwide, 43% more than the target of shutting down 10million kW set at the beginning of the year. The coal consumption for power supply in China is 357 g/kWh, 10 g/kWh lower than that in 2006; Wire loss was 6.85%, a year-on-year decrease of 0.19 percentage points. During the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, the country plans to shut down 50million kW small thermal power units and 7million ~ 10million kW oil fired units, which can save more than 50million tons of standard coal and reduce more than 1.6 million tons of sulfur dioxide every year

Premier Wen Jiabao clearly put forward in the government work report, "strengthen energy conservation, emission reduction and environmental protection", "implement the plan to eliminate backward production capacity in power, steel, cement, coal, paper and other industries". This year is the key year to achieve the binding goal of energy conservation and emission reduction in the "Eleventh Five Year Plan", which brings great pressure to the power industry, but also provides an opportunity for the adjustment and optimization of power structure

this year, the central government spent 113.4 billion yuan on science and technology

"this year, the central government allocated 113.4 billion yuan for a set of seven crude pipelines, seals and extension rods, an increase of 13.4 billion yuan over the previous year." The increasing investment in science and technology can be said to be a direct reflection of China's emphasis on independent innovation. Over the past five years, the central government has invested 340.6 billion yuan in science and technology. The research and experimental development funds of the whole society increased from 128.8 billion yuan in 2002 to 366.4 billion yuan in 2007, and the proportion in GDP increased from 1.07% to 1.49%. The construction of technological innovation system with enterprises as the main body has made important progress

in the power industry, the awareness of independent innovation has been greatly improved, and a large number of scientific and technological achievements have emerged. On January 8 this year, six scientific research achievements in the power industry won the national science and technology progress award, which is a high affirmation of the independent innovation of the power industry

Premier Wen Jiabao put forward in his work report: "we should adhere to promoting independent innovation as the central link in transforming the development mode." In the process of building an innovative country, power enterprises, as an important participant in independent innovation, bear great responsibilities. At the same time, the healthy development of the power industry itself and the safe and stable supply of electricity are also inseparable from the support of independent innovation

Xue Yusheng, deputy to the National People's Congress and chief engineer of Nanjing Institute of automation, said that in addition to organizational and institutional factors, power must also have strong technical support to deal with emergencies

at present, in the power industry, enterprises with scientific and technological research and development platforms are ambitiously planning to expand and strengthen the scientific and technological industry; Enterprises without technology R & D platforms are also actively creating conditions to build platforms. The competition among major power enterprises in the field of scientific and technological innovation will become increasingly fierce

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